standard outdoor half court basketball size

Half Court Basketball Size: Everything You Need to Know

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Basketball is one of the most popular sports in the world, enjoyed by millions of people of all ages. While most people are familiar with full-sized basketball courts, half courts are also common in many settings, such as community centers, schools, and backyards. If you’re thinking of building or playing on a half court, it’s important to know the size and dimensions of the court. In this article, we’ll explore everything you need to know about half court basketball size.

Half Court Basketball Size

A half court basketball court is exactly what it sounds like – half the size of a full court. According to the regulations of NBA and National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), the standard size of a full court is 94 feet long by 50 feet wide, while a half court is 47 feet long by 50 feet wide. As you can see, the width of a half court is the same as a full court, while the length is half the size.

Half Court Basketball Dimensions

basketball court size drawing

The basketball half court dimensions are as follows:

  • Length: 47 feet (14.32 meters)
  • Width: 50 feet (15.24 meters)
  • Free-throw line distance: 15 feet (4.57 meters)
  • Three-point line distance: 22 feet (6.71 meters) from the center of the basket
  • Key width: 12 feet (3.66 meters)
  • Key length: 19 feet (5.79 meters)

These dimensions are standardized by the National Basketball Association (NBA), and are used in most basketball courts across the world. It’s important to note that while these are the official dimensions, some courts may have slight variations based on the available space.

History of Half Court Basketball

Basketball was invented in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith, a Canadian physical education instructor. The first game was played with nine players on each team, and the court was much smaller than the modern court size. Over time, the court size and number of players evolved, with the first official rules being established in 1932. At the time, most basketball games were played on outdoor courts, which were often uneven and had various obstacles. As a result, it was difficult to maintain a full-sized court and play a full game. To address this issue, basketball enthusiasts started building half courts that were smaller in size and easier to maintain. These half courts quickly gained popularity and became a common feature in schools, parks, and recreational facilities.

Benefits of Playing on a Half Court

Playing on a half court can be beneficial in many ways, such as:

  1. It requires less space: Half courts can be built in smaller spaces, such as backyards or community centers, making it more accessible to more people.
  2. It’s easier to maintain: Half courts require less maintenance than full courts, which can be time-consuming and expensive.
  3. It allows for more games: With half courts, multiple games can be played simultaneously, allowing more people to participate.
  4. It’s great for practicing: Half courts are ideal for practicing shooting, dribbling, and other basketball skills.

Famous Half Basketball Courts Players

Many famous basketball players have honed their skills on half courts, including Michael Jordan, Kobe Bryant, and LeBron James. In fact, playing on a half court can be a great way to develop your skills, as it forces you to be more creative and strategic in your movements. With less space to move around, you need to be more efficient with your dribbling, passing, and shooting. Plus, playing on a half court can help you improve your stamina, as you need to move more quickly and cover more ground.

Materials for Building a Basketball Court Half Size

If you’re thinking of building a half court basketball size, you’ll need the following materials:

  • A flat and level surface: This can be concrete, asphalt, or any other solid and stable surface.
  • Paint or tape: You’ll need to mark the half basketball court dimensions, including the free-throw line, three-point line, and key.
  • Basketball hoop and backboard: You’ll need a basketball hoop and backboard that meet the standard size and height requirements.
some sport court flooring tiles put together

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In conclusion, a half court basketball court is a great option for people who want to enjoy basketball without the space and maintenance requirements of a full court. By following the standardized dimensions and using the right materials, you can build a half court that meets your needs and allows you to play and practice basketball whenever you want.

Tips for Playing on Half Courts

If you’re planning to play on a backyard half court basketball size, here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Focus on ball handling: With less space to move around, you’ll need to be more skilled at dribbling and controlling the ball.
  • Develop your shooting skills: On a half court, shooting accuracy is more important than power. Practice your shooting from different angles and distances.
  • Play with smaller teams: To maximize the space on a half court, it’s best to play with smaller teams, such as 2-on-2 or 3-on-3.
  • Be mindful of the lines: The free-throw line and three-point line are critical areas on a half court. Make sure you know where they are and use them strategically to your advantage.
  • Use the key to your advantage: The key is a critical area on a half court that can be used for both offense and defense. Use it to create space, set screens, and draw fouls.


In summary, half court basketball is a popular and accessible way to enjoy the game of basketball. Whether you’re playing in a schoolyard, community center, or backyard, it’s important to know the size and dimensions of a half court to ensure a fun and safe experience. By following the standard dimensions and using the right materials, you can build a half court that meets your needs and allows you to practice and play basketball with friends and family. Don’t forget to check out our sports ground flooring options to enhance your half court experience!


National Basketball Association (NBA)
National Basketball League (NBL) “Half-Court Basketball.”

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